concept of tourism as fact prominently natural, reserved to few people
who had a cultural base, a spirit of adventure, a real curiosity and
the necessary financial means, has changed, due to reasons of
different order, and it was replaced by that one of social need
reserved to the nobility and to the middle class.
Up to that, recognized the economic value of the phenomenon, the
Italian State decided to control it.
The Regal Decree 15/4/1926
ns. 765, converted in Law 01/7/1926
ns. 1380, links the tourism to the essential importance that the
contest of the foreigners determines to the local economy, in everyone
or in some seasons of the year in order to care, stay or relaxation.
Such law gave start to the constitution of the Autonomous Local
Tourist Offices determining the characters, the competences, the
operation and their territorial limits.
Particularly the head III of the Law pointed out the parts of
financing that were individualized:
- In the tax of stay.
- In the special contribution of care.
- In the special contribution on the relaxation and entertainment.
With the constitution of the Ministry of the Tourism and Spectacle to
the senses of the Law 31/7/1959
ns. 617 one provided, besides, to rearrange the tourist peripheral
organization through the Decree President Republic 27/8/60
ns. 1042 for the Autonomous Local Tourist Offices and D.P.R. 27/8/60
ns. 1044 for the Provincial Tourist Authority.
These measures, also preserving the structure and the philosophy of
the preceding law, they pruned the bureaucratic part making the
corporate bodies most efficient and operational. So, in the over 40
years of life, the Offices have produced the results that the law had
prearranged, as shows the high-level which the tourism has reached.
The institution of the Region Authority and the passage to it of the
powers in subject of tourism with the D.P.R. 14/1/72
ns. 6 and then with the D.P.R. 24/7/77
ns. 616 , but mainly the changed environmental, economic, cultural
needs, make essential to proceed to a further revision of the
subregional tourist organization.
So the State, even if it recognizes the power of the Regions to
legislate in the subject of the tourism, it has considered suitable to
give some general indications, valid in the whole national territory,
with the purpose to give a new order to the organization, in
homogeneous way, to avoid disconcertment and disorientation in the
So it was born the Law 17/5/1983
ns. 217, known as "Legge Quadro sul Turismo", and with it in
some regions started the reorganization, creating the Regional Tourist
Such Law has been re-formulated with that one of the 29/3/2001
n. 135, with the title "Reform of the national legislation of the
tourism". At the art. 5 of the quoted Law 135/01 are defined the
local tourist systems, which represent the natural evolution of the
present Italian peripheral tourist organization, so individualized.
5 (Local Tourist
the limits foreseen by the community discipline in subject of State’s
helps to the firms, the Regions, in the limits of the resources placed
by the Fund of the art. 6 of the present law, define the formalities
and the measure of the funding of projects of development of the local
tourist systems, predisposed by public or private subjects, in single
or in associated form, that pursue, in particular, the following aims:
a) to sustain activity and processes of aggregation and integration
among the tourist enterprises, also in cooperative, syndicate and
b) current intersectional and infrastructural interventions necessary
to the qualification of the tourist offer and to the urban and
territorial requalification of the places with high-intensities of
c) to sustain the technological innovation of the offices of
information and of reception to the tourists with particular respect
to the promotion of the standards of the services to the tourist, of
which to the art. 2, Comma 4 letter a);
d) to sustain the requalification of the tourist firm, with priority
for the adjustments due to normative safety, for the classification
and the standardization of the tourist services, with particular
reference to the development of marks of quality, of ecological and
quality certification, and of club of product, as well as to the
guardianship of the image of the local tourist product;
e) to promote the data transmission marketing of the typical
tourist projects, to optimize the relative marketing in Italy and in the foreign countries.
the Region Campania, with the own Law 25/8/1987
ms. 37, proceeded to rearrange the tourist organization of Campania.
Various legislative initiatives, assumed by the Regional Councillors
to the Tourism, who are alternated as soon as in the delegation, got
bogged down for the missed stabilization of a final norm of national
address, that could direct definitely the regional legislator.
The spaces are defined by the came into force of the national law n.
135 of 29/3/2001
and the introduction of the local tourist systems opens new
perspectives of operation and permanent adjustment to the needs of the
Then, the right immission of the private subjects makes stable and
certified the tourist offer in Campania, guaranteeing to the operators
continuity of action and flexibility in the acceptance of the demands
of the tour operators and above all of those of the single tourists.